Angular: Wait for Subscribe to Finish

Angular: Wait for Subscribe to Finish

Asynchronous operations in Angular, especially with HTTP requests, often require careful handling to ensure that subscriptions complete successfully before moving on to the next steps. Understanding how to wait for subscribe to finish is crucial for efficient and reliable code execution. In this article, we will explore various techniques and best practices to effectively manage subscriptions in Angular applications.

Techniques for Handling Asynchronous Operations in Angular

When working with asynchronous operations in Angular, such as HTTP requests, it’s common to need to wait for a subscription to complete before proceeding with further operations. Here are a few techniques you can use to achieve this:

  1. Promises:
    You can convert the observable returned by your getData() function into a promise using the .toPromise() method. Here’s an example:

    async getData(): Observable {
        return this.http.get(URL...);
    async checkDuplicate() {
        const response = await this.getData().toPromise();
        if (response) {
    async proceed() {
        await this.checkDuplicate();
  2. Async/Await:
    You can also use async/await directly with observables. Here’s an alternative approach:

    async checkDuplicate() {
        const response = await this.getData().toPromise();
        if (response) {
    async proceed() {
        await this.checkDuplicate();
  3. Promise Chaining:
    If you prefer using promises, you can chain them together using .then(). Here’s an example:

    checkDuplicate() {
        return new Promise((resolve) => {
            this.getData().subscribe((response) => {
                if (response) {
    proceed() {
        this.checkDuplicate().then((value) => {
            console.log("Return from promise => " + value);

Why Waiting Matters

In Angular applications, waiting for subscription completion is crucial for handling asynchronous operations effectively. Let’s delve into why it matters and how to handle it.

  1. Asynchronous Operations and Observables:

    • Angular often deals with asynchronous tasks like making HTTP requests to APIs or services.
    • These operations return Observables, which represent data streams over time.
    • Observables allow you to handle asynchronous data flow elegantly.
  2. The subscribe() Method:

    • When you subscribe to an Observable, you’re essentially saying, “I want to listen to the data emitted by this stream.”
    • The subscribe() method is used to initiate this listening process.
    • However, it’s essential to understand that subscribing doesn’t block execution; it merely sets up a callback to handle emitted values.
  3. Why Waiting Matters:

    • Suppose you have a function like getUser() that fetches user data from an API.
    • If you return data directly from within the subscribe() block, it won’t wait for the subscription to complete.
    • As a result, the function may return before the data arrives, leading to undefined values.
  4. Reactive Approach:

    • To handle asynchronous functions effectively, follow the reactive approach:
      • Return the Observable: In your getUser() function, return the inner Observable directly without subscribing within the function.
      • Subscribe Where Needed: Subscribe to the returned Observable where you actually need the data (e.g., in your component).
      • Example:
        // In your service:
        public getUser(): Observable {
            return this.http.get(environment.apiRoot + '/me');
        // In your component:
        this.appState.getUser().subscribe(user => {
  5. Benefits:

    • By returning the Observable, you allow the reactive system to handle the subscription lifecycle.
    • It ensures that the data is available when needed, preventing premature returns.
    • Additionally, using the async pipe in templates simplifies working with Observables.

Remember, asynchronous operations

: Stack Overflow: Angular wait for subscribe to finish before return data
: MarketSplash: Angular Subscribe And Its Application
: Medium: Observables and Subscriptions In Angular
: DEV Community: RxJS subscription management with Angular

Handling Completion in Angular Subscriptions

Let’s delve into handling completion in Angular subscriptions using the tap and finalize operators.

  1. Using tap Operator:

    • The tap operator allows you to perform side effects (such as logging) without modifying the emitted values. It’s commonly used for debugging or logging purposes.
    • When you want to execute code after the subscription completes (whether successfully or due to an error), you can use tap.
    • Here’s an example of fetching data using an HTTP request and executing code after the subscription completes:
    fetchData() {
            finalize(() => {
                // This code will be executed after the subscription is complete, whether successful or due to an error
                console.log('Subscription completed');
            (data) => {
                // Do something with the data
            (error) => {
                // Handle error
  2. Using finalize Operator:

    • The finalize operator is specifically designed to execute code when an observable completes (either successfully or with an error).
    • It’s useful for performing cleanup tasks, such as closing resources or cleaning up state.
    • In your specific case, you mentioned wanting to unsubscribe and close a modal when all messages are sent. You can achieve this using finalize.
    • Here’s an example of how you might structure your code:
    submit() {
        const users = from(this.form.value.users).pipe(
            finalize(() => {
                console.log('Finalizing and dismissing modal');
                this.dismissModal(); // Close the modal
            map(user => this.buildMessage(user))
        ).subscribe(message => {
            // Assuming this.firestoreService.addMessage(message) returns an observable
            this.subscription = this.firestoreService.addMessage(message).subscribe();
    ngOnDestroy(): void {
    dismissModal() {
        this.dialogRef.close('modal dismissed');
    // Example implementation of buildMessage(user) and firestoreService.addMessage(message)
    // ...

Remember to adapt the code snippets to your specific use case, especially the parts related to building messages and interacting with Firestore. The key takeaway is that finalize

Managing Errors and Resource Cleanup in Angular Subscriptions

When working with Angular and handling subscriptions, it’s essential to manage errors gracefully and ensure proper resource cleanup. Let’s dive into how you can achieve this:

  1. Error Handling Using .subscribe and Observables:
    When making HTTP requests using Angular’s HttpClient, you can handle errors effectively by subscribing to the observable. Here’s an example:

    import { HttpClient, HttpErrorResponse } from '@angular/common/http';
    import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
    // ...'/api/create', {
      productName: this.form.value.productName,
      productValue: this.form.value.productValue,
      (resp) => this.onSubmitSuccess(resp),
      (err) => this.onSubmitFailure(err)
    private onSubmitSuccess(resp) {
      console.log('Success:', resp);
      // Handle success logic here
    private onSubmitFailure(err: HttpErrorResponse) {
      console.error('Error:', err);
      // Handle error logic here

    In this example, if the API returns a 200 status code, the onSubmitSuccess method is called. If it returns a 400 status code (or any other error), the onSubmitFailure method handles the error.

  2. Using Observables for Streams of Values:
    Angular’s observables allow you to handle asynchronous values. When an error occurs, you can specify an error function on the observer. Additionally, producing an error automatically cleans up subscriptions and stops further value emissions.

  3. Additional Resources:

Best Practices for Angular Subscription Handling

Handling subscriptions in Angular is crucial for efficient code and preventing memory leaks. Let’s explore some best practices and tips:

  1. Using the Async Pipe: The Async Pipe is a powerful tool that automatically subscribes and unsubscribes from an observable in your template. It simplifies subscription management and ensures proper cleanup when the component is destroyed.

  2. Leveraging the Take Until Operator: To avoid memory leaks, use the Take Until operator. Create a subject (often named ngUnsubscribe) and emit a value when the component is destroyed. In your subscription, take until this subject emits a value to unsubscribe.

  3. Using ngOnDestroy To Unsubscribe: Implement the ngOnDestroy lifecycle hook in your component. Inside it, unsubscribe from any subscriptions you’ve created. This ensures that resources are released when the component is removed from the DOM.

  4. Avoiding Multiple Subscriptions: Refrain from creating multiple subscriptions for the same observable. Instead, use operators like mergeMap, switchMap, or concatMap to handle complex scenarios without creating additional subscriptions.

  5. Using Subscription Management Libraries: Consider using libraries like ngrx/effects or rxjs-subscription-manager to manage subscriptions globally. These libraries provide centralized subscription management and simplify the codebase.

For more details, you can refer to this blog post.

In conclusion, mastering the art of waiting for subscription completion in Angular can significantly enhance the performance and reliability of your applications. By following reactive programming principles, leveraging operators like ‘tap’ and ‘finalize’, and implementing proper subscription management strategies, you can streamline your asynchronous operations and prevent potential issues like memory leaks or undefined data. Remember, handling subscriptions effectively is not just a best practice but a fundamental aspect of building robust Angular applications.

So, next time you find yourself dealing with asynchronous tasks in Angular, remember the importance of waiting for subscribe to finish and apply the techniques discussed in this article to elevate your coding skills and application quality.


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