Using Formik with React Select for Multiple Variables

Using Formik with React Select for Multiple Variables

When working with Formik and React-Select to manage multiple variables, you have a powerful combination at your disposal. Formik simplifies form handling in React applications by offering a streamlined approach to managing form state, validation, and submission. On the other hand, React-Select provides a versatile library for creating interactive select components.

By integrating Formik with React-Select, you can effectively enhance the form management process, making it more efficient and user-friendly. Let’s delve into how these libraries work together to create dynamic and interactive forms.

Creating Multi-Select Input with Formik and React-Select

When working with Formik and React-Select to create a multi-select input, you can follow these steps:

  1. Create a Custom Select Field Component:

    • First, create a custom component for your select field. Let’s call it SelectField.
    • Import Select from react-select and use the useField hook from Formik to manage the field’s state.
    • Define an onChange function that handles the selected values.
  2. Handle Multi-Select:

    • To enable multi-select, add the isMulti prop to the Select component.
    • When using isMulti, the onChange function will receive an array of selected options instead of a single object.
  3. Make It a Controlled Component:

    • To retain the multiple selected values, make sure the Select component is controlled.
    • Set the value prop to the field’s current value (from Formik’s state).

Here’s an example implementation of the SelectField component:

import Select from 'react-select';
import { useField } from 'formik';

export default function SelectField(props) {
  const [field, state, { setValue, setTouched }] = useField(;

  // Handle multi-select
  const onChange = (value) => {

  // Use value to make this a controlled component
  // Now when the form receives a value for 'campfeatures', it will populate as expected
  return (

Remember that the new value received in the onChange function will be an array of selected options, each with label and value fields. If you want to store just the values, you’ll need to map them accordingly in your application logic.

Integrating Formik with React-Select for Managing Multiple Variables

When integrating Formik with React-Select for managing multiple variables, you can create a custom component that handles the selection. Let’s break it down:

  1. First, ensure you have Formik and React-Select installed in your project.

  2. Create a custom SelectField component that uses Formik and React-Select. Here’s an example implementation:

import React from 'react';
import Select from 'react-select';
import { useField } from 'formik';

export default function SelectField(props) {
  const [field, state, { setValue, setTouched }] = useField(;

  // The value is an array now
  const onChange = (value) => {

  // Use the 'value' prop to make this a controlled component
  // Now when the form receives a value for 'campfeatures', it will populate as expected
  return (
  1. In your form, use the SelectField component like this:

  1. When using isMulti, the onChange function receives an array of selected options with both label and value fields. If you want to store just the value, you’ll need to map it accordingly.

Remember to replace selectObjects with your actual list of options. This setup allows you to manage multiple selections using Formik and React-Select

Importance of Formik in React Applications

Form validation is a crucial aspect of building robust and user-friendly web applications. In React applications, Formik plays a significant role in simplifying form management. Let’s delve into why Formik is important and how it enhances the form-building process:

  1. What is Formik?

    • Formik is a popular open-source form library for React and React Native.
    • It provides a set of components and hooks that streamline form handling.
    • Formik tackles three common pain points:
      • Getting values in and out of form state
      • Validation and error messages
      • Handling form submission.
  2. Why Should We Use Formik in React?

    • Simpler State Management: Formik simplifies how form state is manipulated. It keeps track of values, errors, and visited fields, reducing boilerplate code.
    • Validation Made Easy: Formik seamlessly integrates with validation libraries like Yup. You can validate fields, handle error messages, and ensure data integrity.
    • Efficient Form Submission: Formik orchestrates form submission, allowing you to focus on business logic rather than wiring up event handlers.
    • Lower Latency: Compared to libraries like Redux Form, Formik offers lower latency and a more straightforward API.
  3. How Does Formik Improve Form Handling?

    • Declarative Approach: Formik abstracts away repetitive tasks, so you don’t need to manually manage form state.
    • Validation and Error Handling: Formik provides a clean way to validate form inputs and display error messages.
    • Submission Handling: Formik simplifies handling form submission, including managing the submit button state.
    • Community Support: If you encounter issues, Formik’s GitHub Discussions and the Formium Community Discord Server are excellent resources for help.

Dynamic Form with Formik Implementation

Let’s explore dynamic form interactions using Formik and React Select. These libraries are powerful tools for creating interactive forms in React applications.

Dynamic Form with Formik Example

Here’s a quick example of how to build a dynamic form with validation using Formik in React. In this scenario, we’ll create a form that allows users to select the number of tickets to purchase and then enter the name and email for each ticket. Both fields are required, and the email field must contain a valid email address.

Implementation Details

  1. Dependencies:

    • We’ll use React 16.13.1 and Formik 2.1.5.
    • Styling is done with Bootstrap 4.5 CSS.
  2. Form Structure:

    • The form contains two top-level properties:
      • numberOfTickets: Stores the number of tickets selected and is bound to the select input field.
      • tickets: An array of ticket objects for storing ticket holder details.
        • Each ticket contains name and email properties, which are bound to dynamically created child form fields.
  3. Validation:

    • Validation rules and error messages are set using Yup.
    • The form validates that the number of tickets is required and that each ticket has a valid name and email.
  4. Dynamic Behavior:

    • The onChangeTickets() method updates the tickets array when the number of tickets selected changes.
    • It also updates the Formik form state by calling setValues() to trigger a re-render.

Code Example

import React from 'react';
import { Formik, Form, Field, FieldArray, ErrorMessage } from 'formik';
import * as Yup from 'yup';

function App() {
  const initialValues = {
    numberOfTickets: '',
    tickets: [],

  const validationSchema = Yup.object().shape({
    numberOfTickets: Yup.string().required('Number of tickets is required'),
    tickets: Yup.array().of(
        name: Yup.string().required('Name is required'),
        email: Yup.string().email('Email is invalid').required('Email is required'),

  function onChangeTickets(e, field, values, setValues) {
    const tickets = [];
    const numberOfTickets = || 0;
    const previousNumber = parseInt(field.value || '0');

    if (previousNumber < numberOfTickets) {
      for (let i = previousNumber; i < numberOfTickets; i++) {
        tickets.push({ name: '', email: '' });
    } else {
      for (let i = previousNumber; i >= numberOfTickets; i--) {
        tickets.splice(i, 1);

    setValues({ ...values, tickets });

  return (
      {({ values, setValues }) => (
{/* Render your form fields here */} {/* Example: */} onChangeTickets(e, values.numberOfTickets, values, setValues)}> {/* Options for selecting the number of tickets */} {(arrayHelpers) => ( <> {, index) => (
))} )}
{/* Add your submit button */}
); } export default App;

You can find this example in action on StackBlitz.

Efficient Form Handling with Formik and React Select

Integrating Formik and React Select can significantly enhance form management in your React applications. Let’s explore some best practices for achieving efficient form handling using these libraries.

  1. Formik Overview:

    • Formik is a powerful library for managing forms in React. It simplifies form handling by providing components and hooks.
    • Key features of Formik include:
      • Getting values in and out of form state.
      • Validation and error messages.
      • Handling form submission.
  2. Why Use Formik?:

    • Before diving into integration, let’s understand why Formik is beneficial:
      • Simplified State Management: Formik abstracts away the complexities of managing form state using React’s built-in state or context.
      • Validation and Error Handling: Formik streamlines validation and error message display.
      • Submission Handling: It provides an intuitive way to handle form submissions.
      • Avoiding Boilerplate: Formik reduces boilerplate code for form handling.
  3. Integrating React Select with Formik:

    • React Select is a versatile library for creating interactive select components.
    • Here’s how to integrate it with Formik:
      • Install Dependencies:
        • Install Formik using npm install formik or yarn add formik.
        • Import React Select components as needed.
      • Formik Field Component:
        • Use Formik’s Field component to wrap your React Select component.
        • Example:
          import { Field } from 'formik';
          import Select from 'react-select';
          // Inside your form component
            {({ field }) => (
      • Validation and Error Handling:
        • Define validation rules using Yup (or any other validation library).
        • Display validation errors using Formik’s ErrorMessage component.
      • Form Submission:
        • Handle form submission using Formik’s onSubmit callback.
        • Set the isSubmitting flag to prevent multiple submissions.
      • React Select Customization:
        • Customize React Select appearance and behavior as needed.
        • Explore React Select’s documentation for additional features.
  4. Additional Tips:

    • Keep Components Simple: Break down complex forms into smaller components for better maintainability.
    • Reuse Components: Create reusable form components (e.g., custom input fields) that integrate seamlessly with Formik and React Select.
    • Test Thoroughly: Write unit tests to ensure proper functionality.
    • Explore Examples: Check out tutorials and examples to deepen your understanding.

In conclusion, integrating Formik and React-Select for managing multiple variables in your React applications can significantly improve your form-handling capabilities. Formik’s robust features, such as simplified state management, validation handling, and efficient submission management, complement React-Select’s interactive select component capabilities. By following best practices and leveraging the strengths of both libraries, you can create dynamic and engaging forms that enhance user experience.

Whether you’re building a complex form with validation rules or creating a dynamic form with interactive elements, Formik and React-Select offer a powerful duo for developers. Remember to explore examples, test thoroughly, and strive for simplicity and reusability in your form components to maximize the benefits of Formik and React-Select for managing multiple variables.


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